- Shaun Forest
The climate emergency is making it increasingly vital to move away from fossil fuels as we enter the next decade. Renewable, carbon-neutral energy sources should account for a large portion of our electricity generation.
Governments and corporations all throughout the world have announced fresh plans and commitments to become carbon neutral by 2030 or 2050. Restructuring electricity generating is a key component of their strategy.
And certain countries are leading the way in this new energy revolution, from which we may all learn. The following are the top six countries in the world when it comes to renewable energy.
List Of 6 Top Countries Leading In Renewable Energy
Iceland is the first country on the list.
Iceland has been producing nearly 100% of its electricity from renewable sources since the 1980s. It is a small, thinly populated island nation with a population of roughly 365,000 inhabitants located between the North Atlantic and Arctic oceans.
Iceland is a great location for hydroelectric and geothermal energy generation due to its geographical location. In actuality, hydropower accounted for 73 percent of Iceland's electricity in 2015, with geothermal power accounting for the remaining 27%.
Iceland is now the world's largest generator of green energy per capita, a title it proudly claims.
Norway is the second most populous country in the world.
Norway, which is not far behind Iceland, generates a stunning 98 percent of its electricity from renewable sources.
Norway is a Scandinavian country with a population of 5.4 million people who rely on hydropower for 96% of their electricity since the late 1800s.
Norway, on the other hand, intends to diversify its electricity generation by looking into new sources of renewable energy. Offshore wind and solar farms are two of the most notable examples.
They have the ability to generate vast amounts of energy without taking up a lot of area.
Norway would be leading the way for many countries to follow in its footsteps and use their offshore wind and solar capacity for a better future by pioneering these technologies and their widespread adoption.
3. Costa Rica
Costa Rica is located on the other side of the globe from Iceland and Norway. It has a far bigger population, approaching 5 million people, although having a much smaller land area (51,100 km2).
Nonetheless, in 2019, Costa Rica generated almost 100 percent of its electricity from renewable sources, a remarkable feat. Hydroelectricity provided 78 percent of their electricity, while wind and geothermal each provided ten percent.
Solar energy, surprisingly, accounted for only 0.84 percent of the total. But what exactly does this imply? Costa Rica has demonstrated to the rest of the world that you don't have to live in a country with sunny deserts or windy plains to reject fossil fuels; all you have to do is look around and make use of the natural renewable resources available to you.
When it comes to environmental issues like conserving the world's largest rainforest, Brazil's new government has been less than cooperative.
It is, however, still a significant player in the area of renewable energy. Renewable energy supplies more than 75% of this massive country's electricity.
Brazil's usage of biofuels in the transportation sector, however, sets it apart from other countries. (Learn more about the Future of Biofuels).
Brazil is regarded as a world leader in the field of biofuels. It makes bio-ethanol and uses it to power its transportation industry, thanks to its abundant corn.
In Brazil, a mixture of gasoline and ethanol fuels more than 73 percent of all autos. As a result, the industry emits far less CO2 than it would otherwise.
As a result, Brazil serves as an excellent model for other countries looking to decarbonize their private energy sector, which is a necessary step toward being carbon neutral in the near future.
Although China is the world's largest emitter of CO2, it is also the world's largest investor in renewable energy both at home and abroad. Many governments have been wary about investing substantial sums of money in this cause.
China, on the other hand, has pledged more than USD 750 billion between 2010 and 2019. Indeed, they have invested more than twice as much as the runner-up, the United States. Furthermore, China is the country with the most renewable energy investments abroad.
This is owing to their massive manufacturing capabilities. It enables domestic enterprises to grow their operations internationally and invest in developing countries' technology. Six of the top ten solar panel manufacturers in the world are Chinese firms.
As a result, China is a world leader in terms of renewable energy spending and investment.
Perhaps the most surprise addition on this list of Top Countries Leading in Renewable Energy in 2020 is this one. In terms of household solar panel installation, Bangladesh is the fastest-growing country.
Solar energy is presently used in about 3.5 million Bangladeshi homes.
This not only helps the country minimise its carbon impact, but it also helps its residents enjoy better lives.
It results in a more stable electrical grid and more work prospects in the energy industry.
This is big in a country where more than a quarter of the rural population lacks access to electricity.
Bangladesh is demonstrating to the rest of the world that building a more sustainable future is about more than just reducing emissions; it is also about improving people's lives.
Of course, there are many more countries that are at the forefront of using renewable energy sources to improve our planet.
Every country must contribute to a greener future for humanity, whether through research and development, investment, or policy changes.